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Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Jul 15;50(2):144-7.

Susceptibility to neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia and the T102C polymorphism in the serotonin type 2A receptor.

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  • 1Defence Medical Research Institute, Defence Science and Technology Agency, Republic of Singapore.



Genetic factors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of the movement disorder tardive dyskinesia, which may involve dopamine-serotonin interaction. Case-control association studies have identified the T102C polymorphism of the 5-HT2A receptor gene as being associated with schizophrenia and responsiveness to clozapine. In this study, we examine the association of this polymorphism in the 5-HT2A receptor gene as a risk factor for developing schizophrenia and tardive dyskinesia from prolonged treatment with neuroleptics.


Ninety-seven healthy control subjects with no history of mental illness and 221 schizophrenic patients (87 with tardive dyskinesia, 134 without) were genotyped by PCR-RFLP.


Comparison between cases and control subjects revealed no significant association between the C allele and schizophrenia. There was significant difference in allele frequency (p = .044, OR = 1.54 95% CI = 1.02-2.33) between patients who developed tardive dyskinesia and those who did not. Significant difference remains even after adjusting for age and neuroleptic dosage (p = .041) with the odds ratio at 1.64 (95% CI = 1.02-2.62).


A genetic variant of the 5-HT2A receptor may be associated with neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia in schizophrenia. Further studies are needed to replicate the finding. The role of 5-HT2A receptor in the etiology of tardive dyskinesia or treatment-resistant schizophrenia should be further investigated.

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