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Phys Med Biol. 2001 Aug;46(8):2227-37.

In vivo optical characterization of human tissues from 610 to 1010 nm by time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy.

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  • 1INFM-Dipartimento di Fisica and CEQSE-CNR, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.


A fully automated system for time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy based on tunable mode-locked laser sources and on time-correlated single-photon counting for the detection of time-resolved reflectance data was applied to the evaluation of the optical properties of biological tissues (arm, abdomen and forehead) in vivo from 610 to 1010 nm. The scattering decreases progressively with increasing wavelength, while the absorption line shapes show the typical spectral features of the principal tissue components (haemoglobin, water and lipid), with different weights depending on the tissue type. The best fit of the absorption spectra measured in vivo with the spectra of the pure constituents yielded information on the percentage composition of the different tissues. The interpretation of transport scattering spectra with Mie theory provided information on tissue structure.

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