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Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2001 Aug;12(4):250-7.

Chronic cicatrizing conjunctivitis.

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  • 1Fondation Ophtalmologique A. de Rothschild and Bichat Hospital, Paris, France.


Conjunctival fibrosis may result from chronic inflammation and may lead to alterations of conjunctival architecture. This results in ocular dryness, entropion and trichiasis, and corneal complications. Causes of conjunctival cicatrization are not limited to autoimmune diseases, such as ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, a severe disease associated with poor ocular prognosis. Other well-known causes include thermal and chemical burns, postinfectious conjunctivitis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Ocular rosacea and atopic keratoconjunctivitis often are underdiagnosed causes of conjunctival fibrosis. Medical history, physical exam, and laboratory tests often allow for diagnosis of the underlying disease. Medical management varies according to specific causes, and many surgical strategies are available to restore corneal transparency and normal palpebral architecture.

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