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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Aug;86(8):3659-64.

Improved glycemic control increases fasting plasma acylation-stimulating protein and decreases leptin concentrations in type II diabetic subjects.

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  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Gulhane School of Medicine, Etlik-Ankara 06018, Turkey.


Acylation-stimulating protein is an adipocyte-derived protein that has recently been suggested to play an important role in the regulation of triglyceride storage. To date, little information has been reported with regard to fasting acylation-stimulating protein levels and its relation to metabolic control, leptin, and/or lipids in subjects with diabetes mellitus. We therefore evaluated fasting acylation-stimulating protein, leptin, and lipid levels before and 4 months after improving glycemic control with sulfonylurea treatment in a group of poorly controlled obese women with type 2 diabetes and in age- and body mass index-matched nondiabetic obese women. Fasting plasma acylation-stimulating protein (49.67 +/- 19.73 vs. 48.49 +/- 20.70 nmol/liter) and leptin concentrations (33.7 +/- 23.2 vs. 26.2 +/- 10.6 ng/ml) were not significantly different between the groups. Improvement of glycemic control produced parallel falls in fasting blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c. Plasma leptin concentrations were also significantly reduced (33.69 +/- 23.2 vs. 22.73 +/- 11.26 ng/ml; P = 0.036), whereas fasting acylation-stimulating protein concentrations were significantly increased after treatment (48.49 +/- 20.70 vs. 72,82 +/- 29,72 nmol/liter; P = 0.004). Nevertheless, lipids and apolipoprotein B did not significantly improve. We could not find any correlation between elevated acylation-stimulating protein levels and changes in body mass index, glucose, insulin, hemoglobin A1c, leptin, or lipid levels. Similarly, the decrement in circulating leptin levels observed after treatment did not correlate with changes in the levels of glucose, insulin, hemoglobin A1c, or any lipid parameters. We conclude that improved glycemic control increases fasting acylation-stimulating protein and decreases leptin concentrations, but not corrects critical lipid abnormalities in type 2 obese diabetic subjects. Moreover, altered plasma acylation-stimulating protein levels are not associated with changes in body mass index or lipid, leptin, insulin, or glucose levels. Thus, our findings suggest that improved glycemic control or insulin resistance is not responsible for abnormal fatty acid trapping, and failure of lipids to improve after treatment in our patients is consistent with the acylation-stimulating protein resistance concept.

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