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J Cell Biochem. 2001 Jun 26-Jul 25;83(1):14-20.

Protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 specifically recognizes C-terminal residues of its substrates via helix alpha0.

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  • 1Program in Molecular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 373 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.


The catalytic domain of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 possesses distinct substrate specificity. It recognizes the P-3 to P-5 residues of its substrates via the beta5-loop-beta6 region. To study the substrate specificity further, we determined the structure of the catalytic domain of SHP-1 (C455S) complexed with a less-favorable-substrate peptide originated from SIRPalpha. The complex has disordered N-terminal peptide structure and reduced interactions between the N-terminal peptide and the beta5-loop-beta6 region. This could be the basis for the lower affinity of peptide pY(427) for the catalytic domain of SHP-1. In addition, by comparing the SHP-1/less-favorable peptide complex structure with the SHP-1/substrate complex structures, we identified a novel substrate-recognition site in the catalytic domain of SHP-1. This site was formed by helix alpha0 and the alpha5-loop-alpha6 motif of SHP-1, and specifically bound residues at the P + 4 and further C-terminal positions of peptide substrates.

Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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