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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Aug;22(7):1268-74.

Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy: decrease in regional cerebral blood volume in hyperintense subcortical lesions inversely correlates with disability and cognitive performance.

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  • 1Institute of Clinical Radiology, Klinikum Grossadern, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Marchioninstrasse 15, D-81377 Munich, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an arteriopathic syndrome related to a genetic defect on chromosome 19. Characteristic changes in CADASIL can be observed onT2-weighted MR images in the subcortical white matter. The purpose of this study was to measure changes of regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) with dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging and to correlate the changes to disability and cognitive performance.

METHODS:

We obtained rCBV measurements of 24 individuals with proven CADASIL on a 1.5-T MR imaging unit. A susceptibility-weighted MR imaging sequence was used for bolus tracking. Principles of the indicator dilution theory were applied to estimate values of absolute rCBV (mL/100 g). Disability was determined by using the Rankin scale, and overall cognitive performance was assessed by using the Mini-Mental State Examination.

RESULTS:

The mean rCBV in the subcortical white matter that was hyperintense on the T2-weighted images (2.7 +/- 0.8 mL/100 g) was significantly lower than the rCBV in the white matter that appeared normal on the T2-weighted images (4.4 +/- 1.3 mL/100 g) (P <.05). The mean rCBV in the gray matter was within the normal range (8.3 +/- 1.7 mL/100 g). Both cognitive impairment and disability negatively correlated with rCBV in the subcortical white matter that was hyperintense (P <.05) but not with rCBV in the normal appearing white matter. rCBV did not correlate with age.

CONCLUSION:

rCBV measured in the hyperintense subcortical white matter in individuals with CADASIL was decreased and inversely correlated with disability and cognitive impairment.

PMID:
11498413
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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