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Curr Med Res Opin. 1975;3(3):151-6.

Clinical evaluation of a new oral contraceptive, 'Pregnon'.

Abstract

'Pregnon', a new oral contraceptive containing 1 mg. lynestrenol and 0.05 mg. ethinyl oestradiol, was administered cyclically to 639 women of fertile age over a total of 9,159 cycles. There were no pregnancies. In most cases the withdrawal bleeding resembled normal menstruation. The incidence of metrorrhagia was relatively low and when it did occur it was usually confined to the early treatment cycles and was of very limited duration. The objective and subjective tolerance was excellent.

PIP:

Pregnon is a new low-dosage ovulation-inhibiting agent containing 1 mg of lynestrenol and .05 mg of ethinyl estradiol in each tablet. It is also marketed under the name of Pregnon 28 or Ovostat 28 in which each package contains 22 active plus 6 placebo tablets. Data were collected from Belgian clinics and evaluated by the Medical Unit of Organon in Belgium and the Netherlands. During this study, 639 women of fertile age were monitored through 9159 cycles. The maximum period of treatment was 36 cycles. Clinical and gynecological examinations were made before treatment and then every 2 or 3 months. Treatment was begun by taking the 1st tablet on the 1st day of menstruation. After taking 22 tablets there was a 6-day tablet-free interval during which withdrawal bleeding usually occurred. The intensity of the withdrawal bleeding was normal in 57.3%, slight in 41.7%, and heavy in 1%. Spotting was noted in 3.1% of the cycles and breakthrough bleeding occurred in 2.9%. Usually they occurred in the first 3 cycles. Amenorrhea was observed in 2.9% of the cycles. Body weights were relatively unchanged. Blood pressures remained the same. Side effects were headache, nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, heavy legs, leucorrhea, nervousness, depression, and decreased libido. Only 46 patients discontinued treatment because of these drug effects yielding an acceptability level of about 93%. Since no pregnancies occurred during this study, the Pearl index was 0.

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