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Blood. 2001 Aug 15;98(4):1200-8.

The contribution of NF-kappa B activity to spontaneous proliferation and resistance to apoptosis in human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax-induced tumors.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.


Human T-cell leukemia virus type I is the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. The Tax protein of this virus is thought to contribute to cellular transformation and tumor development. In this report, we have used a Tax transgenic mouse model of tumorigenesis to study the contribution of nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B activity to spontaneous tumor cell proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. We have demonstrated elevated expression levels of NF-kappa B--inducible cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, IL-15, and interferon (IFN)-gamma, in freshly isolated primary tumors from Tax transgenic mice. Inhibitors of NF-kappa B activity, sodium salicylate and cyclopentenone prostaglandins (prostaglandin A(1) and 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2)), blocked spontaneous proliferation of Tax transgenic mouse spleen cells. In addition, Tax-induced tumor cells, which are resistant to irradiation-induced apoptosis, became sensitive to apoptosis in the presence of sodium salicylate and prostaglandins. These results strongly suggest that Tax-mediated induction of NF-kappa B activity contributes to tumorigenesis in vivo. (Blood. 2001;98:1200-1208)

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