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J Pediatr. 2001 Aug;139(2):284-90.

Responses of non-obese white children to treadmill exercise.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric Cardiology, SUNY-Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, USA.



To determine the response to maximal treadmill exercise with the Bruce protocol in a cohort of healthy non-obese American children and adolescents.


A retrospective review of treadmill exercise studies on 347 white American children (188 boys, 159 girls) aged 5 to 18 years was performed with metabolic criteria to verify maximal exercise effort. Data on exercise endurance time, heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolic variables were assessed and compared between age groups and sexes by unpaired t testing and analysis of variance.


Exercise endurance time was lower in all age groups when compared with earlier published data. Girls had a lower endurance time than boys at all ages. There was no significant difference in maximum heart rate with respect to age or sex. The maximum systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure increased with increasing age in both boys and girls. Boys had significantly higher maximum systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure after 13 years of age. The maximum absolute oxygen consumption and indexed oxygen consumption showed similar trends for both sexes.


Lower exercise endurance times are seen despite physiologic evidence of maximal effort, raising the possibility that cardiovascular conditioning is reduced in contemporary American children.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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