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Scand J Prim Health Care. 2001 Jun;19(2):107-11.

Headache and associations with lifestyle among pupils in senior level elementary school.

Author information

  • 1Hentorp Health Care Centre, Sk√∂vde, Sweden. margareta.leonardsson-hellgren@vgregion.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the prevalence of headache and its association with lifestyle among schoolchildren and to test an intervention programme.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional survey of all pupils in the school who were asked to complete a questionnaire about headache and lifestyle factors.

SETTING:

School health care at an elementary school in Sweden.

SUBJECTS:

All 344 pupils aged 13-16 years, 170 girls and 174 boys, at senior level answered the questionnaire and were included in the study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Headache occurring at least once a week.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two percent had headache at least once a week. The problem was more common among girls than among boys; OR 1.6 (95%CI 1.3-2.1). In girls, headache was associated with smoking; OR 6.6 (CI 1.2-35.5), going to bed later than 11 p.m.; OR 4.4 (CI 1.1-18.0), headache in parents; OR 2.0 (CI 1.0-4.2), and few sports activities; OR 3.0 (CI 1.2-7.5). The only corresponding association in boys was with smoking; OR 12.0 (CI 1.5-101). Headache improved in pupils participating in the programme.

CONCLUSIONS:

Headache is a common health problem in schoolchildren of both sexes at senior level and shows strong associations with lifestyle factors in girls. Intervention seems to be efficient.

PMID:
11482410
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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