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J Biol Chem. 2001 Oct 12;276(41):38201-9. Epub 2001 Jul 31.

The anti-initial transcribed sequence, a portable sequence that impedes promoter escape, requires sigma70 for function.

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  • 1Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA.


The anti-sequence, a portable element extending from +1 to +15 of the transcript, is sufficient to prevent promoter escape from a variety of strong final sigma70 promoters. We show here that this sequence does not function with even the strongest final sigma32 promoter. Moreover, a particular class of substitutions in final sigma70 that disrupt interaction between Region 2.2 of final sigma70 and a coiled-coiled motif in the beta'-subunit of RNA polymerase antagonizes the function of the anti-element. This same group of mutants prevents lambdaQ-mediated anti-termination at the lambdaP(R') promoter. At this promoter, interaction of final sigma70 with the non-template strand of the initial transcribed sequence (ITS) is required to promote the pause prerequisite for anti-termination. These mutants prevent pausing because they are defective in this recognition event. By analogy, we suggest that interaction of final sigma70 with the non-template strand of the anti-ITS is required for function of this portable element, thus explaining why neither final sigma32 nor the Region 2.2 final sigma70 mutants mediate anti-function. Support for the analogy with the lambdaP(R') promoter comes from preliminary experiments suggesting that the anti-ITS, like the lambdaP(R') ITS, is bipartite.

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