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Genes Cells. 2001 Jul;6(7):641-52.

Terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase directly interacts with a novel nuclear protein that is homologous to p65.

Author information

  • 1Faculty of Science & Technology, Department of Applied Biological Science, Science University of Tokyo, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase (TdT) is a DNA polymerase that enhances Ig and TcR gene diversity in the N region in B- and T-cells. TdT is found as a member of a large protein complex in the lysate of the thymocytes. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of the synthesis of the N region, we first attempted to isolate the genes with products that are interacting directly with TdT.

RESULTS:

Using a yeast two-hybrid system, we isolated a cDNA clone encoding a novel nuclear protein that interacts with TdT. This protein was designated as TdT interacting factor 1 (TdIF1). TdIF1 has a high degree of homology to the transcription factor p65, which belongs to the nuclear receptor superfamily. TdIF1 contains HMG-I and HMG-Y DNA binding domains (AT-hooks) and can bind to single- and double-stranded DNA. TdT and TdIF1 were co-eluted at position 232 kDa by gel filtration of MOLT4 lysate. TdIF1 can enhance TdT activity fourfold in vitro assay system using oligo(dT)16 as primers.

CONCLUSIONS:

TdIF1 binds directly to TdT, both in vitro and in vivo. TdIF1 and TdT exist as the members of a 232 kDa protein complex. TdIF1 can enhance TdT activity maximum fourfold in vitro assay system, suggesting that it positively regulates the synthesis of the N region during V(D)J recombination in the Ig and TcR genes.

PMID:
11473582
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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