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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2001 Aug;104(2):110-6.

The epidemiology of perimenstrual psychological symptoms.

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  • 1Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence, clinical significance and comorbidity of perimenstrual symptoms/syndrome (PERI-MS) in a community sample of women.

METHOD:

Premenstrual and menstrual physical and psychological symptoms were assessed in a prospective longitudinal study of a representative community cohort of women (N=299) who were interviewed five times between the ages of 21 and 35 years.

RESULTS:

When classified according to the severity of distress, the prevalence rates were 8.1% for severe and 13.6% for moderate PERI-MS, respectively. Clinical indicators of severity were all greater among PERI-MS women with than without depressed mood.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study suggest that irritability, nervousness and tension irrespective of the presence of concomitant depressed mood are core elements of the perimenstrual syndrome.

PMID:
11473504
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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