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Melanoma Res. 2001 Jun;11(3):275-81.

Reduced expression of TAP-1 and TAP-2 in posterior uveal melanoma is associated with progression to metastatic disease.

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  • 1Institute of Cancer Studies, G Floor, Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield, UK.

Abstract

In order to determine the effects of the loss or reduced expression of molecules associated with antigen presentation (transporter associated with antigen presentation [TAP]-1, TAP-2, low molecular weight protein [LMP]-2 and LMP-7), we examined the expression of these molecules in primary uveal melanoma lesions. Paraffin-embedded sections from 29 primary uveal melanoma lesions were analysed for expression of TAP-1, TAP-2, LMP-2 and LMP-7 using specific primary antibodies followed by a three-stage immunoperoxidase technique. Microscopic examination was undertaken to determine differences in expression of these molecules on the tumour and the surrounding stroma. Overall, 72% (21 out of 29) of the tumours showed some loss or reduced expression of TAP-1, TAP-2, LMP-2 and/or LMP-7. Statistical analysis of these results showed that progression to metastatic disease was strongly associated with reduced expression of TAP-1 (P < 0.05) and TAP-2 (P < 0.01), taking patient age, tumour site and histology into account. We conclude that the reduced expression of molecules important in eliciting an immune response, such as TAP-1 and TAP-2, may facilitate the metastatic spread of uveal melanoma lesions and may have important implications for prospective immunotherapy.

PMID:
11468516
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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