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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2001 Aug;13(4):500-11.

Ypt and Rab GTPases: insight into functions through novel interactions.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Laboratory for Molecular Biology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA.


Ypt/Rab GTPases are key regulators of vesicular transport in eukaryotic cells. During the past two years, a number of new Ypt/Rab-interacting proteins have been identified and shown to serve as either upstream regulators or downstream effectors. Proteins that interact with these regulators and effectors of Ypt/Rabs have also been identified, and together they provide new insights into Ypt/Rab mechanisms of action. The picture that emerges from these studies suggests that Ypt/Rabs function in multiple and diverse aspects of vesicular transport. In addition, not only are Ypt/Rabs highly conserved, but their functions and interactions are as well. Interestingly, crosstalk among Ypt/Rabs and between Ypt/Rabs and other signaling factors, suggest the possibility of coordination of the individual vesicular transport steps and of the protein transport machinery with other cellular processes.

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