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Anat Embryol (Berl). 2001 Jun;203(6):461-8.

Ontogeny of immunoreactive somatolactin, prolactin and growth hormone secretory cells in the developing pituitary gland of Cichlasoma dimerus (Teleostei, Perciformes).

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  • 1Departamento de Ciencias Biol√≥gicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Prolactin, growth hormone and somatolactin constitute a hormone family because they are structurally related and are secreted by acidophilic cells of different regions of the adenohypohyisis. In this work, we report the ontogeny of ir-prolactin, ir-growth hormone and ir-somatolactin cells in the developing pituitary gland of the cichlid fish Cichlasoma dimerus (Teleostei; Perciformes). Antisera raised against fish pituitary hormones were used. In this species hatching occurs 54 hs after fertilization and the three different cell types were recognized two days later. The neurohypophysis was recognized on day 14 after hatching and in later stages it began to show the characteristic deep interdigitations of the adults. On day 42 (juvenile stage) the distribution of ir-PRL, ir-GH and ir-SL showed the pattern described for adults of this species. The ir-SL cells were not PAS-positive in larvae as they are in adults. This would suggest the presence of a nonglycosilated form of somatolactin in early stages of development which may coexist in adults with a glycosilated form. The appearence of these hormones so early in development suggest their importance in the survival of fish larvae but further studies focused on the ontogeny of hypothalamic factors that regulate their synthesis and secretion must be performed.

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