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[Manufacture and study of porous poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA)/beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) composite].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Institute of Biomedical Engineering, West China University of Medical Sciences, Chengdu 610041.


A promising alternative to supply bone substitutes is to develop living tissue substitutes based on biodegradable materials, which is called bone tissue engineering. One of the research high-lights of bone tissue engineering is to design and manufacture scaffolds for cell attaching, migrating, and proliferating. A process which consists of a solvent casting stage, a compression molding stage and a leaching stage has been used to fabricate macroporous composites of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP). The effects of the weight fraction of porogen--NaCl, of the weight ratio of PLLA to beta-TCP and of the diameters of beta-TCP on the porosities, the average pore diameters and the compressive yield strength and compressive modulus have been studied. The results showed that the porosities and the average pore diameters increased and the compressive yield strength and modulus decreased when the weight fraction went from 50% to 90%. The compressive yield strength and compressive modulus could be improved by changing the weight ratio of PLLA to beta-TCP and the diameters of beta-TCP in low-porosity composites (lower than 70%). But high-porosity composites (90%) were not reinforced by changing the weight ratio.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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