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CMAJ. 2001 Jun 12;164(12):1721-3.

Transfusion-transmitted babesiosis in Ontario: first reported case in Canada.

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  • 1Centre for Travel and Tropical Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.


Babesiosis has only recently been reported in Canada, but a number of transfusion-transmitted cases of this infection have been reported from the United States. We present a case of transfusion-transmitted babesiosis that occurred in Canada. Canadian physicians must consider babesiosis in the differential diagnosis of patients who experience fever or a hemolytic reaction after blood transfusion. Prompt recognition and treatment are important, because Babesia infections can be severe or fatal in certain risk groups. Better strategies to prevent transfusion-transmitted babesiosis are required.

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