Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jul;86(7):3257-65.

Insulin inhibits intranuclear nuclear factor kappaB and stimulates IkappaB in mononuclear cells in obese subjects: evidence for an anti-inflammatory effect?

Author information

  • 1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism, State University of New York at Buffalo and Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York 14209, USA.

Abstract

In view of the fact that insulin resistance is associated with atherogenesis and that troglitazone, an insulin sensitizer, has anti-inflammatory effects, which may be potentially antiatherogenic in the long term, we have now investigated whether insulin has potential anti-inflammatory effects. We infused 2.0 to 2.5 IU/h in 5% dextrose (100 mL/h) iv into 10 obese subjects for 4 h followed by 5% dextrose alone for 2 h. The rate of insulin infusion was varied to maintain glucose concentrations as close to the baseline as possible. Blood samples were obtained before and at 2, 4, and 6 h. Subjects were also infused with 5% dextrose without insulin and with saline on separate occasions. Intranuclear nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) in mononuclear cells fell at 2 and further at 4 h, reverting toward the baseline at 6 h (P < 0.05). IkappaB increased significantly at 2 h, increasing further at 4 h and remaining elevated at 6 h (P < 0.001). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by mononuclear cells fell significantly at 2 h and fell further at 4 h; it partially reverted to baseline at 6 h (P < 0.005). p47(phox) subunit, the key protein of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase also fell at 2 h and 4 h, reverting toward the baseline at 6 h (P < 0.05). In addition, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) fell significantly following insulin infusion. Glucose or saline infusions without insulin caused no alteration in NFkappaB, IkappaB, ROS generation, p47(phox) subunit, sICAM-1, MCP-1, or PAI-1. We conclude that insulin has a potent acute anti-inflammatory effect including a reduction in intranuclear NFkappaB, an increase in IkappaB, and decreases in ROS generation, p47(phox) subunit, plasma soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1. This acute anti-inflammatory effect, if demonstrated in the long term, may have implications for atherosclerosis and its complications.

PMID:
11443198
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk