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J Bacteriol. 2001 Aug;183(15):4588-98.

Roles of LcrG and LcrV during type III targeting of effector Yops by Yersinia enterocolitica.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California-Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Abstract

Yersinia enterocolitica target effector Yop proteins into the cytosol of eukaryotic cells by a mechanism requiring the type III machinery. LcrG and LcrV have been suggested to fulfill essential functions during the type III targeting of effector Yops. It is reported here that knockout mutations of lcrG caused mutant yersiniae to prematurely secrete Yops into the extracellular medium without abolishing the type III targeting mechanism (Los phenotype [loss of type III targeting specificity]). Knockout mutations in lcrV reduced type III targeting of mutant yersiniae but did not promote secretion into the extracellular medium (Not [no type III targeting]). However, knockout mutations in both genes caused DeltalcrGV yersiniae to display a Los phenotype similar to that of strains carrying knockout mutations in lcrG alone. LcrG binding to LcrV resulted in the formation of soluble LcrGV complexes in the bacterial cytoplasm. Membrane-associated, bacterial-surface-displayed or -secreted LcrG could not be detected. Most of LcrV was located in the bacterial cytoplasm; however, small amounts were secreted into the extracellular medium. These data support a model whereby LcrG may act as a negative regulator of type III targeting in the bacterial cytoplasm, an activity that is modulated by LcrG binding to LcrV. No support could be gathered for the hypothesis whereby LcrG and LcrV may act as a bacterial surface receptor for host cells, allowing effector Yop translocation across the eukaryotic plasma membrane.

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