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Ultrason Sonochem. 2001 Jul;8(3):277-83.

Influence of ultrasound on adsorption processes.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Dortmund, Emil-Figge-Street 70, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany.


One of the most popular means for removal of organic water pollutants found in small concentrations is by adsorption. An important step in adsorption processes is the regeneration of the adsorbent as it does not only affect the adsorption-desorption cycle but also the expenses of the following process steps. State of the art regeneration of adsorbent resins is done by chemical methods. These require the use of organic solvents or inorganic chemicals and involve a difficult secondary separation step. Therefore, industry seeks for alternative methods to regenerate exhausted adsorbents. One of the discussed regeneration methods is desorption by ultrasound. Ultrasound does not only promote desorption but also enhances the mass transfer of sorption processes. We discuss the arising problems and basic effects when applying ultrasound during sorption processes in order to show the potentials of this desorption process. The focus is laid in particular on the influence of ultrasound frequency and intensity.

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