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J Immunol. 2001 Jul 15;167(2):773-8.

Regulation of TGF-beta response during T cell activation is modulated by IL-10.

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  • 1Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Route de St. Antoine de Ginestière, Unité 343, Nice, France.


TGF-beta1 is an important pleiotropic cytokine that has been described to have both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on cell growth and differentiation. For several cell types, the effect of TGF-beta1 was found to correlate with the differentiation stage of the cells and the presence of other cytokines. In this report, we address the influence of TGF-beta1 on CD4(+) T cell activation by evaluating the effect of TGF-beta1 on the proliferative and cytokine responses of purified resting and activated human or mouse CD4(+) T cells. TGF-beta1 inhibits proliferation and cytokine secretion on resting CD4(+) T cells but has no inhibitory effect on activated T cells. Moreover, TGF-beta1 unresponsiveness of activated T cells was correlated with a down-regulation in the expression of the TGF-beta receptor type II. Interestingly, IL-10 addition enhances TGF-beta receptor type II expression and restores TGF-beta responsiveness on activated T cells. These results indicated that TGF-beta responsiveness is sequentially regulated on T cells by the modulation of the of TGF-beta receptor type II chain expression. Moreover, we have identified a novel regulatory role of IL-10 on TGF-beta-dependent T cell growth that can explain the control of T cell activation on chronic vs acute inflammatory sites.

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