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J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 31;276(35):32538-44. Epub 2001 Jul 5.

Bag-1M accelerates nucleotide release for human Hsc70 and Hsp70 and can act concentration-dependent as positive and negative cofactor.

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  • 1Institut für Biochemie und Molekularbiologie, Universität Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.


The cytosol of mammalian cells contains several Hsp70 chaperones and an arsenal of cochaperones, including the anti-apoptotic Bag-1M protein, which regulate the activities of Hsp70s by controlling their ATPase cycles. To elucidate the regulatory function of Bag-1M, we determined its influence on nucleotide exchange, substrate release, ATPase rate, and chaperone activity of the housekeeping Hsc70 and stress-inducible Hsp70 homologs of humans. Bag-1M and a C-terminal fragment of it are potent nucleotide exchange factors as they stimulated the ADP dissociation rate of Hsc70 and Hsp70 up to 900-fold. The N-terminal domain of Bag-1M decreased the affinity of Bag-1M for Hsc70/Hsp70 by 4-fold, indicating a modulating role of the N terminus in Bag-1M action as nucleotide exchange factor. Bag-1M inhibited Hsc70/Hsp70-dependent refolding of luciferase in the absence of P(i). Surprisingly, under physiological conditions, i.e. low Bag-1M concentrations and presence of P(i), Bag-1M activates the chaperone action of Hsc70/Hsp70 in luciferase refolding. Bag-1M accelerated ATP-triggered substrate release by Hsc70/Hsp70. We propose that Bag-1M acts as substrate discharging factor for Hsc70 and Hsp70.

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