Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Rev Neurol (Paris). 2001 May;157(5):537-41.

[Multiple sclerosis and Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy mitochondrial DNA mutations].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Département de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Angers.


Multiple sclerosis (MS) has long been known to be associated with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), a disease caused by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. We have investigated the possible involvement of LHON mtDNA point mutations in MS. The study covered a group of 75 unrelated Caucasian patients, with the relapse-remitting or primary progressive form of MS, and a control group of 75 volunteers (matched for age, gender and ethnic origin). Mitochondrial DNA from each subject was examined for 4 primary LHON mutations (at nucleotide positions 3460, 4160, 11778 and 14484) and 7 secondary LHON mutations (at nucleotide positions 4216, 4917, 5244, 7444, 13708, 15257 and 15812) by means of restriction site polymorphism and sequencing techniques. None of the primary LHON mutations were detected in the MS patients or in the controls, whereas the proportion of individuals with secondary LHON mutations was identical (27 p. cent) in the two groups. A combination of 2 or 3 homoplasmic mutations, defining mtDNA haplogroups, was found in the majority of cases. Haplogroups J, T and X were not particularly associated with MS. The frequency of the 13708 mutation alone (haplogroup X), or associated with the 4216 mutation (haplogroup J), was somewhat higher (p=0.059) in the subgroup of MS patients with optic neuritis (ON). ON was the initial symptom in all but one of the patients with haplogroups J or X. No other correlation was found between MS phenotypes and mtDNA genotypes. Our observations confirm previous reports that neither primary nor secondary LHON mutations are involved in the development of MS. However, MS patients with haplogroups J or X appear to have a moderately higher risk of developing optic neuritis. Thus, a specific mtDNA background may be a predisposing genetic factor for optic nerve damage in MS patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Masson (France)
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk