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Mol Cell Biol. 2001 Aug;21(15):4968-84.

The multisubstrate adapter Gab1 regulates hepatocyte growth factor (scatter factor)-c-Met signaling for cell survival and DNA repair.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, The Long Island Campus for the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, New York 11040, USA.

Abstract

Hepatocyte growth factor (scatter factor) (HGF/SF) is a pleiotrophic mediator of epithelial cell motility, morphogenesis, angiogenesis, and tumorigenesis. HGF/SF protects cells against DNA damage by a pathway from its receptor c-Met to phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to c-Akt, resulting in enhanced DNA repair and decreased apoptosis. We now show that protection against the DNA-damaging agent adriamycin (ADR; topoisomerase IIalpha inhibitor) requires the Grb2-binding site of c-Met, and overexpression of the Grb2-associated binder Gab1 (a multisubstrate adapter required for epithelial morphogenesis) inhibits the ability of HGF/SF to protect MDCK epithelial cells against ADR. In contrast to Gab1 and its homolog Gab2, overexpression of c-Cb1, another multisubstrate adapter that associates with c-Met, did not affect protection. Gab1 blocked the ability of HGF/SF to cause the sustained activation of c-Akt and c-Akt signaling (FKHR phosphorylation). The Gab1 inhibition of sustained c-Akt activation and of cell protection did not require the Gab1 pleckstrin homology or SHP2 phosphatase-binding domain but did require the PI3K-binding domain. HGF/SF protection of parental MDCK cells was blocked by wortmannin, expression of PTEN, and dominant negative mutants of p85 (regulatory subunit of PI3K), Akt, and Pak1; the protection of cells overexpressing Gab1 was restored by wild-type or activated mutants of p85, Akt, and Pak1. These findings suggest that the adapter Gab1 may redirect c-Met signaling through PI3K away from a c-Akt/Pak1 cell survival pathway.

PMID:
11438654
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC87224
Free PMC Article

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