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J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 31;276(35):32756-62. Epub 2001 Jul 3.

Direct interaction of the Rab3 effector RIM with Ca2+ channels, SNAP-25, and synaptotagmin.

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  • 1Institut de Biologie Cellulaire et de Morphologie, University of Lausanne, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

To define the role of the Rab3-interacting molecule RIM in exocytosis we searched for additional binding partners of the protein. We found that the two C(2) domains of RIM display properties analogous to those of the C(2)B domain of synaptotagmin-I. Thus, RIM-C(2)A and RIM-C(2)B bind in a Ca(2+)-independent manner to alpha1B, the pore-forming subunit of N-type Ca(2+) channels (EC(50) = approximately 20 nm). They also weakly interact with the alpha1C but not the alpha1D subunit of L-type Ca(2+) channels. In addition, the C(2) domains of RIM associate with SNAP-25 and synaptotagmin-I. The binding affinities for these two proteins are 203 and 24 nm, respectively, for RIM-C(2)A and 224 and 16 nm for RIM-C(2)B. The interactions of the C(2) domains of RIM with SNAP-25 and synaptotagmin-I are modulated by Ca(2+). Thus, in the presence of Ca(2+) (EC(50) = approximately 75 microm) the interaction with synaptotagmin-I is increased, whereas SNAP-25 binding is reduced. Synaptotagmin-I binding is abolished by mutations in two positively charged amino acids in the C(2) domains of RIM and by the addition of inositol polyphosphates. We propose that the Rab3 effector RIM is a scaffold protein that participates through its multiple binding partners in the docking and fusion of secretory vesicles at the release sites.

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