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J Urol. 2001 Jul;166(1):172-6.

A prospective study of the safety and efficacy of suprapubic transvesical prostatectomy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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  • 1Division of Urology, Department of Surgical Sciences, L'Aquila University School of Medicine, L'Aquila, Italy.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We investigate the safety and efficacy of suprapubic transvesical prostatectomy, and the change in bladder wall thickness after surgery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We conducted a prospective 1 center study of 32 consecutive patients who underwent transvesical prostatectomy from December 1996 to March 1997 for benign prostatic hyperplasia with large prostate volume, who were followed for 1 year. Pressure flow study and transrectal sonography were performed at baseline and repeated at 6 months. Bladder wall thickness was measured at baseline and regular intervals postoperatively. A morbidity questionnaire was completed during the first 6 weeks after surgery.

RESULTS:

An average of 63 gm. prostate adenoma were enucleated at surgery. An indwelling catheter was required for an average plus or minus standard deviation of 5.4 +/- 2.6 days after treatment. The International Prostate Symptom Score decreased from 19.9 +/- 4.4 to 1.5 +/- 2.7 and the quality of life score decreased from 4.9 +/- 1.0 to 0.2 +/- 0.4 at year 1, respectively. Maximum flow rate improved from 9.1 +/- 5.3 to 29.0 +/- 8.9 ml. per second. Residual urine decreased from 128 +/- 113 to 8 +/- 18 ml. Before surgery 30 patients had obstruction and 2 were in the equivocal zone of the International Continence Society nomogram. At 6 months after prostatectomy 30 patients did not have obstruction, and 2 who were subsequently operated on for bladder neck sclerosis were equivocal and had obstruction, respectively. No patient had significant postoperative bleeding and no heterologous blood transfusions were required. There were 4 men who had urinary tract infection and 1 who had wound infection. A slight decrease in erectile function was observed 6 weeks postoperatively, and no change in patient libido and quality of sex life was reported. The total complication rate was 31.3%. The bladder was unstable in 7 men before and 3 after surgery. A significant decrease in bladder wall thickness was observed from 5.2 +/- 0.7 at baseline to 2.9 +/- 0.9 mm. at year 1 postoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study confirms the excellent clinical outcome of transvesical prostatectomy, and rapid improvement of most subjective and objective parameters during the 4 weeks after surgery. Bladder hypertrophy appears to be significantly reduced after prostate surgery. The urodynamic results in patients who underwent open surgery probably represent the maximum obtainable relief of obstruction and should be considered the reference standard to which all other treatments, including transurethral resection, should aspire.

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PMID:
11435849
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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