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J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 31;276(35):32714-9. Epub 2001 Jul 2.

Tyrosine residues 951 and 1059 of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (KDR) are essential for vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor-induced endothelium migration and proliferation, respectively.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.

Abstract

Vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF) exerts its multiple functions by activating two receptor tyrosine kinases, Flt-1 (VEGFR-1) and KDR (VEGFR-2), both of which are selectively expressed on primary vascular endothelium. To dissect the respective signaling pathways and biological functions mediated by these receptors in primary endothelial cells with two receptors intact, we, recently developed chimeric receptors (EGDR and EGLT) in which the extracellular domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor was fused to the transmembrane domain and intracellular domain of KDR and Flt-1, respectively. With these fusion receptors, we have shown that KDR is solely responsible for VPF/VEGF-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation and migration, whereas Flt-1 showed an inhibitory effect on KDR-mediated proliferation but not migration. To further characterize the VPF/VEGF-stimulated HUVEC proliferation and migration here, we have created several EGDR mutants by site-directed mutagenesis. We show that tyrosine residues 1059 and 951 of KDR are essential for VPF/VEGF-induced HUVEC proliferation and migration, respectively. Furthermore, the mutation of tyrosine 1059 to phenylanaline results in the complete loss of KDR/EGDR-mediated intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization and MAPK phosphorylation, but the mutation of tyrosine 951 to phenylanaline did not affect these events. Our results suggest that KDR mediates different signaling pathways for HUVEC proliferation and migration and, moreover, intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization and MAPK phosphorylation are not essential for VPF/VEGF-induced HUVEC migration.

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