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J Biol Chem. 2001 Sep 7;276(36):33947-51. Epub 2001 Jun 28.

Integrins regulate the intracellular distribution of eukaryotic initiation factor 4E in platelets. A checkpoint for translational control.

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  • 1Eccles Program in Human Biology and Genetics and the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA.


Recent evidence from our laboratory demonstrates that platelets synthesize numerous proteins in a signal-dependent fashion (Pabla, R., Weyrich, A. S., Dixon, D. A., Bray, P. F., McIntyre, T. M., Prescott, S. M., and Zimmerman, G. A. (1999) J. Cell Biol. 144, 175-184; Weyrich, A. S., Dixon, D. A., Pabla, R., Elstad, M. R., McIntyre, T. M., Prescott, S. M., and Zimmerman, G. A. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 95, 5556-5561). Protein synthesis in platelets is controlled at the translational level; however, the mechanisms of regulation are not known. Here we demonstrate that translation initiation factors are redistributed to mRNA-rich areas in aggregated platelets, an event that induces protein synthesis. Interrogation of cDNA arrays revealed that platelet-derived mRNAs are primarily associated with the cytoskeletal core. In contrast, eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), the essential mRNA cap-binding protein that controls global translation rates, is localized in the membrane skeleton and soluble fraction of platelets, physically separated from most mRNAs. Platelet activation redistributes eIF4E to the cytoskeleton and increases interactions of eIF4E with mRNA cap structures. Redistribution of eIF4E to the mRNA-rich cytoskeleton coincides with a marked increase in protein synthesis, a process that is blocked when intracellular actin is disrupted. Additional studies demonstrated that beta(3) integrins are the primary membrane receptor that distributes eIF4E within the cell. These results imply that integrins link receptor-mediated pathways with mRNA-rich cytoskeletal domains and thereby modulate the organization of intracellular translational complexes. They also indicate that the functional status of eIF4E is regulated by its intracellular distribution.

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