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Transpl Infect Dis. 1999 Mar;1(1):40-9.

Preventing opportunistic infections in bone marrow transplant recipients.

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  • 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.


In 1996, a Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored working group began developing guidelines for preventing opportunistic infections (OIs) in bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients. The purposes of the guidelines are to: a) summarize current data regarding the epidemiology of OIs in BMT recipients; b) produce an evidence-based statement of recommended strategies for preventing OIs in BMT recipients; c) decrease the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of OIs in BMT recipients; and d) define directions for future OI prevention research. Each recommendation is given two ratings: one indicating the strength of the recommendation, and another indicating the strength of evidence supporting the recommendation. The target audience for the guidelines includes transplant and infectious disease physicians and BMT unit and clinic staff. The BMT OI guidelines include sections on viral, bacterial, fungal, protozoal, and helminth infections, immunization, infection control, and blood and stem cell safety. The disease-specific sections address preventing exposure and disease among both adult and pediatric recipients of allogeneic and autologous BMTs. The immunization section addresses: a) immunization of BMT recipients, their household contacts, and health care workers; b) travel immunizations for BMT recipients; and c) passive immunization with immune globulin products. The infection control sections address room ventilation, isolation and barrier precautions, and prevention of nosocomial and other infections (e.g. infections acquired from visitors, plants, food, pets, construction sites, etc.). The blood safety section contains recommendations on preventing transmission of infections to BMT recipients from infected donated cells. After the guidelines are made available for public comment, they will be finalized and published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and placed on the CDC web site.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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