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Gastrointest Endosc. 2001 Jul;54(1):62-6.

Clinicopathologic features and endoscopic treatment of superficially spreading colorectal neoplasms larger than 20 mm.

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  • 1Department of Endoscopy, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A colorectal neoplasm that spreads superficially over the mucosa is known as a laterally spreading tumor. The clinicopathologic features of these large lesions and the efficacy and safety of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) were studied retrospectively.

METHODS:

Surgically or endoscopically resected laterally spreading tumors larger than 20 mm in diameter were studied. Lesions were divided into 2 macroscopic subtypes: F-type, composed of superficially spreading lesions with a flat and smooth surface, and G-type, composed of superficially spreading aggregates of nodules that form relatively flat, broad-based lesions with granulonodular and uneven surfaces.

RESULTS:

Thirty-three lesions were of the F-type and 87 the G-type. G-type (mean +/- SD, 35.3 +/- 11.4 mm) lesions were significantly larger (p < 0.01) than F-type (26.0 +/- 7.2 mm) lesions. F-type lesions had a significantly higher frequency of invasive cancer (27.2%) than G-types (10.3%)(p < 0.05). Of the 120 lesions, 81 (67.5%) were resected endoscopically. Patients with 78 of these lesions were followed postoperatively for 60.8 +/- 20.1 months. The rate of local recurrence of endoscopically treated tumors as determined at colonoscopy was 7.4% (6/78). These lesions were completely resected endoscopically. Distant metastases were not detected. Thirteen (16.0%) patients had local bleeding after EMR that was stopped endoscopically. Microperforation of the colonic wall as a result of EMR was diagnosed in 1 (1.2%) of 81 cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Laterally spreading tumors larger than 20 mm, especially those of the G-type, have a low rate of invasion despite their relatively large size. The F-type lesion has a higher malignant potential than the G-type. EMR is an effective and safe treatment for the large laterally spreading tumor.

PMID:
11427843
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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