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Circulation. 2001 Jun 26;103(25):3062-8.

Biological profiles in subjects with recurrent acute coronary events compared with subjects with long-standing stable angina.

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  • 1Quebec Heart Institute/Laval Hospital, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

At one end of the clinical spectrum of coronary artery disease (CAD) are subjects who have had repeated acute ischemic events, and at the other end are those with long-standing angina who have never been unstable. This study tests the hypothesis that a specific biological profile can distinguish these 2 extreme groups and predict acute coronary events.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Blood levels of lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, tissue plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and von Willebrand factor were compared in 3 groups of 50 subjects each: (1) those with previous multiple acute coronary events, (2) age-matched subjects with >/=3 years of stable angina and no prior acute coronary events, and (3) matched controls without evidence of atherosclerotic disease and a normal coronary angiogram. All subjects were followed for 4.0 years. Lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, tissue plasminogen activator, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were similar in both CAD groups and significantly higher than in the control group. However, compared with subjects with long-standing stable angina, those with previous multiple coronary events had higher values of CRP (5.7+/-5.4 versus 3.0+/-5.2 mg/L, P=0.012), fibrinogen (3.38+/-0.75 versus 2.92+/-0.64 g/L, P=0.001), and von Willebrand factor (1.60+/-0.55 versus 1.25+/-0.36 U/mL, P=0.0003). On follow-up, myocardial infarction and unstable angina occurred in 42% of the group with multiple events, 4% of the stable angina group (P<0.0001), and none of the control subjects. In the 100 patients with CAD, CRP was 4.9 mg/L in those with and 1.8 mg/L in those without new instability (P<0.0001). In a multivariate analysis, only CRP distinguished those with follow-up acute coronary events (adjusted odds ratio 5.9, 95% CI 2.0 to 17.9; P=0.002). A baseline CRP >3.5 mg/L had a relative risk of 7.6 (2.6 to 21.7, P=0.0002) for subsequent acute events.

CONCLUSIONS:

An inflammatory biological profile distinguished patients with previous multiple acute coronary events from those with long-standing stable angina and predicted acute coronary instability.

PMID:
11425769
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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