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J Immunol. 2001 Jul 1;167(1):90-7.

IL-1 enhances T cell-dependent antibody production through induction of CD40 ligand and OX40 on T cells.

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  • 1Center for Experimental Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.


IL-1 is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays pleiotropic roles in host defense mechanisms. We investigated the role of IL-1 in the humoral immune response using gene-targeted mice. Ab production against SRBC was significantly reduced in IL-1alpha/beta-deficient (IL-1(-/-)) mice and enhanced in IL-1R antagonist(-/-) mice. The intrinsic functions of T, B, and APCs were normal in IL-1(-/-) mice. However, we showed that IL-1(-/-) APCs did not fully activate DO11.10 T cells, while IL-1R antagonist (-/-) APCs enhanced the reaction, indicating that IL-1 promotes T cell priming through T-APC interaction. The function of IL-1 was CD28-CD80/CD86 independent. We found that CD40 ligand and OX40 expression on T cells was affected by the mutation, and the reduced Ag-specific B cell response in IL-1(-/-) mice was recovered by the treatment with agonistic anti-CD40 mAb both in vitro and in vivo. These observations indicate that IL-1 enhances T cell-dependent Ab production by augmenting CD40 ligand and OX40 expression on T cells.

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