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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jun 19;98(13):7390-5.

Genomic analysis of orthologous mouse and human olfactory receptor loci.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biotechnology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. rlane@fhcrc.org

Abstract

Olfactory receptor (OR) genes represent approximately 1% of genomic coding sequence in mammals, and these genes are clustered on multiple chromosomes in both the mouse and human genomes. We have taken a comparative genomics approach to identify features that may be involved in the dynamic evolution of this gene family and in the transcriptional control that results in a single OR gene expressed per olfactory neuron. We sequenced approximately 350 kb of the murine P2 OR cluster and used synteny, gene linkage, and phylogenetic analysis to identify and sequence approximately 111 kb of an orthologous cluster in the human genome. In total, 18 mouse and 8 human OR genes were identified, including 7 orthologs that appear to be functional in both species. Noncoding homology is evident between orthologs and generally is confined within the transcriptional unit. We find no evidence for common regulatory features shared among paralogs, and promoter regions generally do not contain strong promoter motifs. We discuss these observations, as well as OR clustering, in the context of evolutionary expansion and transcriptional regulation of OR repertoires.

PMID:
11416212
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC34679
Free PMC Article

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