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J Biol Chem. 1975 Jun 25;250(12):4456-61.

Partial purification and characterization of aspartate aminotransferases from seedling oat leaves.


As relatively little information is available on the properties of aspartate aminotransferase from photosynthetic tissue, isolation and characterization of the two major electrophoretically distinct forms of this enzyme from seedling oat leaf homogenates were undertaken. These two forms are designated I for the more anionic form and II for the less anionic form. Form I, 80 to 90% of the total activity, has been purified to a specific activity of 120 mumol/min/mg of protein (1100-fold) and is estimated to be 90 to 95% homogeneous, as judged by analytical polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Form II, 10 to 20% of the total activity, has been purified to a specific activity of approximately 6 mumol/min/mg of protein (300-fold). Both forms exhibit optimal activity at pH 7.5. Michaelis constants do not differ greatly between forms I and II and are similar to those reported for the pig heart cytosolic enzyme as well as aspartate aminotransferase from other plant sources. A molecular weight of 130,000 for the purified aspartate aminotransferase I was estimated by sedimentation equilibrium centrifugation; molecular weights of the two forms are similar as estimated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. No activation by pyridoxal phosphate has been observed during purification.

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