Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Hum Genet. 2001 Jul;69(1):75-87. Epub 2001 Jun 14.

Somatic mosaicism in hemophilia A: a fairly common event.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Strasse 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

Mutations in the large gene of clotting factor VIII (FVIII) are the most common events leading to severe human bleeding disorder. The high proportion of de novo mutations observed in this gene raises the possibility that a significant proportion of such mutations does not derive from a single germ cell but instead should be attributed to a germline or somatic mosaic originating from a mutation during early embryogenesis. The present study explores this hypothesis by using allele-specific PCR to analyze 61 families that included members who had sporadic severe hemophilia A and known FVIII gene defects. The presence of somatic mosaicisms of varying degrees (0.2%-25%) could be shown in 8 (13%) of the 61 families and has been confirmed by a mutation-enrichment procedure. All mosaics were found in families with point mutations (8 [25%] of 32 families). In the subgroup of 8 families with CpG transitions, the percentage with mosaicism increased to 50% (4 of 8 families). In contrast, no mosaics were observed in 13 families with small deletions/insertions or in 16 families with intron 22 inversions. Our data suggest that mosaicism may represent a fairly common event in hemophilia A. As a consequence, risk assessment in genetic counseling should include consideration of the possibility of somatic mosaicism in families with apparently de novo mutations, especially families with the subtype of point mutations.

PMID:
11410838
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1226050
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk