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J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 24;276(34):31620-6. Epub 2001 Jun 15.

Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK phosphorylates and negatively regulates B-Raf.

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  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0606, USA.

Abstract

Phosphorylation can both positively and negatively regulate activity of the Raf kinases. Akt has been shown to phosphorylate and inhibit C-Raf activity. We have recently reported that Akt negatively regulates B-Raf kinase activation by phosphorylating multiple residues within its amino-terminal regulatory domain. Here we investigated the regulation of B-Raf by serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase, SGK, which shares close sequence identity with the catalytic domain of Akt but lacks the pleckstrin homology domain. We observed that SGK inhibits B-Raf activity. A comparison of substrate specificity between SGK and Akt indicates that SGK is a potent negative regulator of B-Raf. In contrast to Akt, SGK negatively regulates B-Raf kinase activity by phosphorylating only a single Akt consensus site, Ser(364). Under similar experimental conditions, SGK displays a measurably stronger inhibitory effect on B-Raf kinase activity than Akt, whereas Akt exhibits a more inhibitory effect on the forkhead transcription factor, FKHR. The selective substrate specificity is correlated with an enhanced association between Akt or SGK and their preferred substrates, FKHR and B-Raf, respectively. These results indicate that B-Raf kinase activity is negatively regulated by Akt and SGK, suggesting that the cross-talk between the B-Raf and other signaling pathways can be mediated by both Akt and SGK.

PMID:
11410590
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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