Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMJ. 2001 Jun 16;322(7300):1447-51.

Midlife vascular risk factors and Alzheimer's disease in later life: longitudinal, population based study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neuroscience and Neurology, University of Kuopio, PO Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland. miia.kivipelto@uku.fi

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relation of midlife raised blood pressure and serum cholesterol concentrations to Alzheimer's disease in later life.

DESIGN:

Prospective, population based study.

SETTING:

Populations of Kuopio and Joensuu, eastern Finland.

PARTICIPANTS:

Participants were derived from random, population based samples previously studied in a survey carried out in 1972, 1977, 1982, or 1987. After an average of 21 years' follow up, a total of 1449 (73%) participants aged 65-79 took part in the re-examination in 1998.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Midlife blood pressure and cholesterol concentrations and development of Alzheimer's disease in later life.

RESULTS:

People with raised systolic blood pressure (>/=160 mm Hg) or high serum cholesterol concentration (>/=6.5 mmol/l) in midlife had a significantly higher risk of Alzheimer's disease in later life, even after adjustment for age, body mass index, education, vascular events, smoking status, and alcohol consumption, than those with normal systolic blood pressure (odds ratio 2.3, 95% confidence interval 1.0 to 5.5) or serum cholesterol (odds ratio 2.1, 1.0 to 4.4). Participants with both of these risk factors in midlife had a significantly higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease than those with either of the risk factors alone (odds ratio 3.5, 1.6 to 7.9). Diastolic blood pressure in midlife had no significant effect on the risk of Alzheimer's disease.

CONCLUSION:

Raised systolic blood pressure and high serum cholesterol concentration, and in particular the combination of these risks, in midlife increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease in later life.

PMID:
11408299
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC32306
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk