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Hong Kong Med J. 2001 Mar;7(1):29-33.

Epidemiology of headache in Hong Kong primary-level schoolchildren: questionnaire study.

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  • 1Department of Paediatrics, Caritas Medical Centre, 111 Wing Hong Street, Shamshuipo, Hong Kong.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To collect and analyse epidemiological data on childhood headache in the Hong Kong community.

DESIGN:

Questionnaire study.

SETTING:

Three primary schools, Hong Kong.

PARTICIPANTS:

Two thousand, one hundred and twenty pupils from 2156 replied to the questionnaire survey. One hundred and twenty-four pupils who were identified to have suspected recurrent headache were invited to a follow-up medical consultation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Age-groups and prevalence of tension-type and migraine headache, using the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society.

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of headache in the 2120 respondents was 2.8%. The prevalence of tension-type headache, migraine, probable migraine, and unclassified headache were 1.2%, 0.5%, 0.7%, and 0.5%, respectively. The age-specific prevalence of headache from the age of 6 to 13 years showed a steadily increasing trend from childhood to the early teens.

CONCLUSION:

Headache is a common complaint for children, although it may be underrecognised. Further study will be beneficial for providing better management of headache in this population.

PMID:
11406673
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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