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Neurology. 2001 Jun 12;56(11):1482-5.

An atypical intronic deletion widens the spectrum of mutations in hereditary spastic paraplegia.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Neurogenetics, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, USA. jhiggins@fpinstitute.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the genetic mutation responsible for autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia (HSP) in a large family with a "pure" form of the disorder.

BACKGROUND:

The disease locus in most families with HSP is genetically linked to the SPG4 locus on chromosome 2p21-p22. Some of these families have mutations in the splice-site or coding regions of the spastin gene (SPAST).

METHODS:

Linkage and mutational analyses were used to identify the location and the nature of the genetic defect causing the disorder in a large family. After the disease phenotype was linked to the SPG4 locus, all 17 coding regions and flanking intronic sequences of SPAST were analyzed by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and compared between affected and normal individuals. Direct sequencing and subcloning methods were used to investigate incongruous mobility shifts.

RESULTS:

The genomic sequence of SPAST showed a heterozygous four--base pair deletion (delTAAT) near the 3' splice-site of exon three in all 11 affected individuals but not in 21 normal family members or in 50 unrelated controls (100 chromosomes).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study identifies an atypical intronic microdeletion in SPAST that causes HSP and widens the spectrum of genetic abnormalities that cause the disorder.

PMID:
11402104
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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