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Circulation. 2001 Jun 12;103(23):2816-21.

Intracoronary stenting and angiographic results: strut thickness effect on restenosis outcome (ISAR-STEREO) trial.

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  • 1Deutsches Herzzentrum, Munich, Germany. kastrati@dhm.mhn.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Increased thrombogenicity and smooth muscle cell proliferative response induced by the metal struts compromise the advantages of coronary stenting. The objective of this randomized, multicenter study was to assess whether a reduced strut thickness of coronary stents is associated with improved follow-up angiographic and clinical results.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

A total of 651 patients with coronary lesions situated in native vessels >2.8 mm in diameter were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 2 commercially available stents of comparable design but different thickness: 326 patients to the thin-strut stent (strut thickness of 50 microm) and 325 patients to the thick-strut stent (strut thickness of 140 microm). The primary end point was the angiographic restenosis (>/=50% diameter stenosis at follow-up angiography). Secondary end points were the incidence of reinterventions due to restenosis-induced ischemia and the combined rate of death and myocardial infarctions at 1 year. The incidence of angiographic restenosis was 15.0% in the thin-strut group and 25.8% in the thick-strut group (relative risk, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.87; P=0.003). Clinical restenosis was also significantly reduced, with a reintervention rate of 8.6% among thin-strut patients and 13.8% among thick-strut patients (relative risk, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.99; P=0.03). No difference was observed in the combined 1-year rate of death and myocardial infarction.

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of a thinner-strut device is associated with a significant reduction of angiographic and clinical restenosis after coronary artery stenting. These findings may have relevant implications for the currently most widely used percutaneous coronary intervention.

PMID:
11401938
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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