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Biochemistry. 2001 Jun 19;40(24):7092-8.

Cyclization of backbone-substituted peptides catalyzed by the thioesterase domain from the tyrocidine nonribosomal peptide synthetase.

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  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

The excised C-terminal thioesterase (TE) domain from the multidomain tyrocidine nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) was recently shown to catalyze head-to-tail cyclization of a decapeptide thioester to form the cyclic decapeptide antibiotic tyrocidine A [Trauger, J. W., Kohli, R. M., Mootz, H. D., Marahiel, M. A., and Walsh, C. T. (2000) Nature 407, 215-218]. The peptide thioester substrate was a mimic of the TE domain's natural, synthetase-bound substrate. We report here the synthesis of modified peptide thioester substrates in which parts of the peptide backbone are altered either by the replacement of three amino acid blocks with a flexible spacer or by replacement of individual amide bonds with ester bonds. Rates of TE domain catalyzed cyclization were determined for these substrates and compared with that of the wild-type substrate, revealing that some parts of the peptide backbone are important for cyclization, while other parts can be modified without significantly affecting the cyclization rate. We also report the synthesis of a modified substrate in which the N-terminal amino group of the wild-type substrate, which is the nucleophile in the cyclization reaction, is replaced with a hydroxyl group and show that this compound is cyclized by the TE domain to form a macrolactone at a rate comparable to that of the wild-type substrate. These results demonstrate that the TE domain from the tyrocidine NRPS can catalyze cyclization of depsipeptides and other backbone-substituted peptides and suggest that during the cyclization reaction the peptide substrate is preorganized for cyclization in the enzyme active site in part by intramolecular backbone hydrogen bonds analogous to those in the product tyrocidine A.

PMID:
11401554
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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