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Br J Pharmacol. 2001 Jun;133(4):495-502.

Acute effect of the dual angiotensin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase 24-11 inhibitor mixanpril on insulin sensitivity in obese Zucker rat.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, U266 INSERM, UMR 8600 CNRS, U.F.R. des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, 4 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75 006 Paris, France.


The aim of this study was to determine whether acute dual angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)/neutral endopeptidase 24-11 (NEP) inhibition could improve whole body insulin-mediated glucose disposal (IMGD) more than ACE inhibition alone and whether this effect was mediated by the kinin-nitric oxide (NO) pathway activation. We therefore compared in anaesthetized obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats (ZOs) the effects of captopril (2 mg kg(-1), i.v.+2 mg kg(-1) h(-1)), retrothiorphan (25 mg kg(-1), i.v. +25 mg kg(-1) h(-1)), a selective NEP inhibitor, and mixanpril (25 mg kg(-1), i.v. +25 mg kg(-1) h(-1)), a dual ACE/NEP inhibitor, on IMGD using hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp technique. The role of the kinin-NO pathway in the effects of mixanpril was tested using a bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist (Hoe-140, 300 microg kg(-1)) and a NO-synthase inhibitor (N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, L-NAME, 10 mg kg(-1) i.v. +10 mg kg(-1) h(-1)) as pretreatments. Insulin sensitivity index (ISI) was lower in ZO controls than in lean littermates. Increases in ISI were observed in captopril- and retrothiorphan-treated ZOs. In mixanpril-treated ZOs, ISI was further increased, compared to captopril- and retrothiorphan-treated ZOs. In ZOs, Hoe-140 and L-NAME alone did not significantly alter and slightly reduced the ISI respectively. Hoe-140 and L-NAME markedly inhibited the ISI improvement induced by mixanpril. These results show that in obese insulin-resistant Zucker rats, under acute conditions, NEP or ACE inhibition can improve IMGD and that dual ACE/NEP inhibition improves IMGD more effectively than does either single inhibition. This effect is linked to an increased activation of the kinin-NO pathway.

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