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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2001 Jul;281(1):F144-50.

Evidence for endothelin involvement in the response to high salt.

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  • 1Vascular Biology Center, Department of Surgery, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912-2500, USA. dpollock@mail.mcg.edu


Recent evidence suggests that endothelin-1 (ET-1), perhaps through the ET(B) receptor, may participate in blood pressure regulation through the control of sodium excretion. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was continuously measured via telemetry implants in male Sprague-Dawley rats. After 1 wk of baseline measurements, rats were given either high (10%) or low (0.08%) NaCl in chow for the remainder of the experiment (n = 5 in each group). MAP was significantly increased in rats on a high-salt diet (115 +/- 2 mmHg) compared with rats on the low-salt diet (103 +/- 2 mmHg; P < 0.05). All rats were then treated with the ET(B) receptor antagonist A-192621 mixed with the food and adjusted daily to ensure a dose of 30 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1). ET(B) blockade produced an increase in MAP within a few hours of treatment and was significantly higher in rats on the high-salt diet over a 1-wk period (170 +/- 3 vs. 115 +/- 3 mmHg, P < 0.01). To determine whether the increase in MAP during A-192621 treatment was due to increased ET(A) receptor activation, all rats were then given the ET(A)-selective antagonist ABT-627 in the drinking water while a low-salt/high-salt diet and ET(B) blockade were continued. ABT-627 decreased MAP within a few hours in rats on either the high-salt (113 +/- 3 mmHg) or low-salt (101 +/- 3 mmHg) diet. These results support the hypothesis that endothelin, through the ET(B) receptor, participates in blood pressure regulation in the response to salt loading.

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