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Science. 2001 Jun 8;292(5523):1897-9.

Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of California, Environmental Energy Technology Division, Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.


Room-temperature ultraviolet lasing in semiconductor nanowire arrays has been demonstrated. The self-organized, <0001> oriented zinc oxide nanowires grown on sapphire substrates were synthesized with a simple vapor transport and condensation process. These wide band-gap semiconductor nanowires form natural laser cavities with diameters varying from 20 to 150 nanometers and lengths up to 10 micrometers. Under optical excitation, surface-emitting lasing action was observed at 385 nanometers, with an emission linewidth less than 0.3 nanometer. The chemical flexibility and the one-dimensionality of the nanowires make them ideal miniaturized laser light sources. These short-wavelength nanolasers could have myriad applications, including optical computing, information storage, and microanalysis.

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