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Anticancer Drugs. 2001 Jun;12(5):459-65.

The bisphosphonate pamidronate is a potent inhibitor of human osteosarcoma cell growth in vitro.

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  • 1Labor für Experimentelle Orthopädie/Zellbiologie, Klinik und Poliklinik für Allgemeine Orthopädie, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Domagkstrasse 3, 48149 Münster, Germany. sonneman@uni-muenster.de


Bisphosphonates (BPs), such as pamidronate and clodronate, are an important class of drugs for the treatment of bone diseases. It is widely recognized that they inhibit bone resorption by suppressing the action of osteoclasts through antagonizing the mevalonate pathway, thereby reducing osteolytic bone metastases derived from different cancers, i.e. breast carcinoma and multiple myeloma. In contrast, the effects of BPs on primary bone tumors is an issue still to be resolved. Therefore, a systematic approach was set up to test the hypothesis that BPs could act directly on osteosarcoma cells. The effects of pamidronate and clodronate on seven osteosarcoma cell lines (HOS, MG-63, OST, SaOS-2, SJSA-1, U(2)OS and ZK-58) were studied. Pamidronate inhibited cell growth in a time- and dose-dependent manner, and decreased proliferation for up to 73% at 50 microM after 72 h, whereas its monophosphonate analog 3-aminopropyl phosphonate did not reduce cell viability at concentrations up to 2 mM. Clodronate showed less inhibitory effects (maximally 38% reduction at 1 mM after 72 h). Importantly, cell growth of fibroblasts was only very weakly affected by treatment with pamidronate. These results suggest that pamidronate may be a useful agent for the treatment of patients with osteosarcoma.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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