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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jun 19;98(13):7641-6. Epub 2001 Jun 5.

Ornaments of the earliest Upper Paleolithic: new insights from the Levant.

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  • 1Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0030, USA.skuhn@u.arizona.edu

Abstract

Two sites located on the northern Levantine coast, Uçağizli Cave (Turkey) and Ksar 'Akil (Lebanon) have yielded numerous marine shell beads in association with early Upper Paleolithic stone tools. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates indicate ages between 39,000 and 41,000 radiocarbon years (roughly 41,000-43,000 calendar years) for the oldest ornament-bearing levels in Uçağizli Cave. Based on stratigraphic evidence, the earliest shell beads from Ksar 'Akil may be even older. These artifacts provide some of the earliest evidence for traditions of personal ornament manufacture by Upper Paleolithic humans in western Asia, comparable in age to similar objects from Eastern Europe and Africa. The new data show that the initial appearance of Upper Paleolithic ornament technologies was essentially simultaneous on three continents. The early appearance and proliferation of ornament technologies appears to have been contingent on variable demographic or social conditions.

PMID:
11390976
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC34721
Free PMC Article

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