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Br J Psychiatry. 2001 Jun;178:506-17.

Recovery from psychotic illness: a 15- and 25-year international follow-up study.

Author information

  • 1Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, UK. G.Harrison@bristol.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Poorly defined cohorts and weak study designs have hampered cross-cultural comparisons of course and outcome in schizophrenia.

AIMS:

To describe long-term outcome in 18 diverse treated incidence and prevalence cohorts. To compare mortality, 15- and 25-year illness trajectory and the predictive strength of selected baseline and short-term course variables.

METHODS:

Historic prospective study. Standardised assessments of course and outcome.

RESULTS:

About 75% traced. About 50% of surviving cases had favourable outcomes, but there was marked heterogeneity across geographic centres. In regression models, early (2-year) course patterns were the strongest predictor of 15-year outcome, but recovery varied by location; 16% of early unremitting cases achieved late-phase recovery.

CONCLUSIONS:

A significant proportion of treated incident cases of schizophrenia achieve favourable long-term outcome. Sociocultural conditions appear to modify long-term course. Early intervention programmes focused on social as well as pharmacological treatments may realise longer-term gains.

PMID:
11388966
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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