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Clin Chem Lab Med. 2001 Apr;39(4):324-32.

Reporting cerebrospinal fluid data: knowledge base and interpretation software.

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  • 1Neurochemisches Labor der Neurologischen Klinik, Universität Göttingen, Germany. hreiber@med.uni-goettingen.de

Abstract

The compilation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) patient data together with a graphic display of immunoglobulin patterns in a single CSF report has two main advantages: analytical and clinical plausibility control of a complex set of data improves quality assessment and allows improved clinical specificity and sensitivity for recognition of disease-related "typical" data patterns. The widespread use of automated on-line evaluation programs can now be combined with knowledge-based programs for interpretation by clinical chemists and neurologists. These programs are based on knowledge of neuroimmunology, blood-CSF barrier function and dysfunction, influence of CSF flow on concentrations of blood-derived and brain-derived proteins in CSF, specific intrathecal antibody synthesis and relevance of brain proteins for differential diagnosis of degenerative diseases. The relevance of hyperbolic discrimination functions in quotient diagrams for the detection of intrathecal immunoglobulin synthesis is compared with earlier, still frequently used, linear interpretation functions. Differences found in commercially available interpretation software are discussed.

PMID:
11388657
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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