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Curr Opin Microbiol. 2001 Jun;4(3):324-9.

Ethanol production from biomass: technology and commercialization status.

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  • 1White Cliff Biosystems Co, 107 Lake Meadow Drive, Johnson City, Tennessee 37615, USA.


Owing to technical improvements in the processes used to produce ethanol from biomass, construction of at least two waste-to-ethanol production plants in the United States is expected to start this year. Although there are a number of robust fermentation microorganisms available, initial pretreatment of the biomass and costly cellulase enzymes remain critical targets for process and cost improvements. A highly efficient, very low-acid pretreatment process is approaching pilot testing, while research on cellulases for ethanol production is expanding at both enzyme and organism level.

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