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Curr Opin Microbiol. 2001 Jun;4(3):324-9.

Ethanol production from biomass: technology and commercialization status.

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  • 1White Cliff Biosystems Co, 107 Lake Meadow Drive, Johnson City, Tennessee 37615, USA. jmielenz92@aol.com

Abstract

Owing to technical improvements in the processes used to produce ethanol from biomass, construction of at least two waste-to-ethanol production plants in the United States is expected to start this year. Although there are a number of robust fermentation microorganisms available, initial pretreatment of the biomass and costly cellulase enzymes remain critical targets for process and cost improvements. A highly efficient, very low-acid pretreatment process is approaching pilot testing, while research on cellulases for ethanol production is expanding at both enzyme and organism level.

PMID:
11378487
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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